网络捕鱼游戏

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                          • 李志成:民航专业危大工程施工安全专项方案管理的思考

                            摘 要:网络捕鱼游戏长期以来,安全管理成为民航专业工程施工的难点和薄弱点,如何构建有效的施工安全管理体系,是促进民航专业工程建设发展的关键。本文结合民航专业工程的施工特点,对涉及民航专业危险性较大的分部分项工程的监管机制、方案编制、专家论证、验收程序等管理现状进行梳理,并提出加强民航专业工程施工安全专项管理的措施。

                            关键词:网络捕鱼游戏民航工程;施工安全;方案编制;专家论证;管理对策

                            中图分类号:TU714    文献标志码:A

                            作者简介

                            李志成(1964-),男,四川达州人,本科,正高级工程师,注册造价师,主要研究方向:工程项目管理与投资控制。

                            危险性较大的分部分项工程(简称“危大工程”)是指建设工程项目在施工全过程中存在的、可能导致作业人员群死群伤或造成重大经济损失(或不良社会影响)的基坑、模板、脚手架、起重吊装等分部分项工程。其中建设规模、安全风险和技术难度超过一定标准要求的分部分项工程又叫超过一定规模的危大工程(简称“超危大工程”),具有施工技术复杂、管理难度大,危害性更高、极易造成群死群伤事故及严重的经济损失和重大社会影响等特点[1-2]网络捕鱼游戏,是建筑施工安全生产管理的工作重点和难点内容。

                            YOUYULISHIDEYUANYIN,MINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANZHUANXIANGGUANLIGONGZUOQIBUJIAOWAN,GUANKONGDESHOUDUANHEFANGFAJIANDAN,CUNZAI“ANQUANJIANCHABUYANGE、XINGZHENGZHIFABUDOUYING,YINHUANZHENGGAIZOUXINGSHI”DEXIANXIANG,ZUOHAODUICHAOGUIMOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANKONG,YUFANGHEEZHIANQUANSHENGCHANSHIGUDEFASHENG,YICHENGWEICANJIANZERENZHUTI(JIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、JIANLI、DISANFANGJIANCEHEPINGSHENZHUANJIADENGDANWEIHUOXIANGGUANGEREN)HEJIANSHEXINGZHENGJIANGUANBUMEN(ANJIANZHANHUOZHIJIANZHAN)GUANZHUDEZHONGDIANWENTI。

                            1 民航专业工程范围的界定

                            网络捕鱼游戏2001NIAN12YUE5RIMINHANGZONGJU、JIANSHEBU《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDETONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2001]229HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《FENGONGTONGZHI》),SHOUCIMINGQUELEMINHANGZHUANYEYUFEIMINHANGZHUANYEDEFANWEI,2003NIAN3YUE31RIMINHANGZONGJUBANGONGTING、ZHUJIANBUBANGONGTINGXIAFA《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDEBUCHONGTONGZHI》(ZONGJUTINGFA[2003]41HAOWEN),DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEHUAFENFANWEIJINXINGLEBUCHONGSHUOMING,2011NIAN3YUE4RIZHUJIANBUYUMINHANGJUFABUDE《GUANYUMINHANGJIANSHEGONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEFENGONGDEBUCHONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2011]34HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《BUCHONGFENGONGTONGZHI》),MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEFANWEIJIEDINGWEIRUXIANEIRONG:

                            网络捕鱼游戏(1)MINHANGCHANGDAOGONGCHENG。BAOKUOFEIXINGQUTUSHIFANG(BUHANTIANHAI)、DIJICHULI、JICHU、DAOMIAN,FEIXINGQUPAISHUI、QIAOLIANG、HANSUI、XIAOFANGGUANWANG、GUANGOUGUANLANG,FEIXINGQUFUWUCHEDAO、XUNCHANGLU、WEIJIEJIJIANKONGANFANGDENGGONGCHENG。

                            (2)MINHANGKONGGUANGONGCHENG。BAOKUOQUYUGUANZHIZHONGXIN、ZHONGDUAN(JINJIN)GUANZHIZHONGXINHETATAIJIANSHE,TONGXIN、DAOHANG、JIANSHIXITONG,KONGQIXIANG,HANGXINGQINGBAODENGGONGCHENG。

                            网络捕鱼游戏(3)MINHANGMUSHIZHUHANGGONGCHENG。BAOKUOJICHANGZHUHANGDENGGUANGJIJIANKONGXITONG,FEIXINGQUBIAOZHIBIAOJIPAI,ZHUHANGDENGGUANGBIANDIANZHANHEFEIXINGQUGONGDIAN,BOWEIYINDAOXITONGJIMUSHIZHUHANGFUZHUSHESHIDENGGONGCHENG。

                            (4)HANGZHANLOU、HUOYUNZHANDEGONGYILIUCHENGJIMINHANGZHUANYERUODIANXITONGGONGCHENG。QIZHONGMINHANGZHUANYERUODIANXITONGBAOKUOXINXIJICHENG、HANGBANXINXIXIANSHI、LIGANGKONGZHI、BOWEIYINDAO、ANJIANXINXIGUANLI、BIAOSHIYINDAO、XINGLICHULI、ANQUANJIANCHA、ZHIJIYINDAO、DENGJIMENXIANSHI、LVKEWENXUN、WANGLUOJIAOHUAN、GONGGONGGUANGBO、ANQUANFANGFAN、ZHUSHIZHONG、NEIBUTONGXUN、HUJIAOZHONGXIN(HANDIANHUAZIDONGWENXUN),YIJIFEIXINGQUNEIGELEIZHUANYERUODIANXITONG。

                            (5)HANGKONGGONGYOUGONGCHENG。BAOKUOHANGKONGJIAYOUZHAN、JIPINGSHUYOUGUANXIAN,JICHANGYOUKU、ZHONGZHUANYOUKU(BUHANTUJIAN),CHANGWAISHUYOUGUANXIAN、XIEYOUZHAN(BUHANMATOUSHUIGONGHETIELUZHUANYONGXIAN),FEIXINGQUNEIDIMIANSHEBEIJIAYOUZHANDENGGONGCHENG。

                            2 民航专业工程的施工特点

                            MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGGUISHUYUGUOJIADAJIAOTONGYUNSHUGONGCHENGFANCHOU,SHISHEHUIFAZHANHEGUOMINJINGJIDEZHONGYAOJICHUXINGSHESHI,YUQITAXINGYEGONGCHENGXIANGMUXIANGBI,BUJINJIANSHEGUIMOHETOUZIZONGEJIAODA,ERQIEJUYOUTESHUDEZISHENSHUXING。

                            2.1 ZHUNGONGGONGJICHUSHESHISHUXINGTUCHU,ANQUANGUANLIZERENZHONGDA。YOUYUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJUYOUCHENGSHICHUANGKOUXINGXIANGDEZHUNGONGGONGJICHUSHESHISHUXING,YUDIFANGJINGJIDEFAZHANHEDUIWAIKAIFANGCHENGDUDEGUANLIANMIQIE,DANGDIZHENGFUDUIJICHANGJIANSHEDETOUZIREQINGJIAOGAO,CHANGCHANGJIANGJICHANGJIANSHELIEWEIZHONGDIANXIANGMUYUYIKAOLV,YINCISHOUSHEHUIGEJIEDEGUANZHUDUGAO,JIANSHESHIGONGANQUANDEZERENZHONGDA。

                            2.2 TUFANGGONGCHENGLIANGJUDAQIESHIGONGZHOUQIZHANG,ANQUANSHOUZIRANHUANJINGYINGXIANGDA。JICHANGXUANZHICHUYUANQUANHEJISHUYINSUDEKAOLV,ZAIMANZUKONGYUYOUXIANTIAOJIANXIAHUIYAOQIUYUANLICHENGSHIBINGJINKENENGJIEYUELIANGDI,YIBANXUANZEZAIQIULINGDIDAISHEJIWASHANTIANGOU,XUANZEJINHAIQUSHEJITIANHAIZAODI,QISHUIWENHUANJING、DISHIDIMAO、DIZHITIAOJIANJIAOWEIFUZA,BAOPOZUOYE、RUANDIJI、GAOQIEPO、SHENJIKENGJIQIANGHANGHUITIANCHULIDENGDUISHIGONGZHOUQIDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,YIFASHENGSHIGONGANQUANSHIGU。

                            网络捕鱼游戏2.3 XIANCHANGJIAOCHAZUOYEGANRAODA,SHIGONGANQUANMAODUNWENTITUCHU。DAXINGJICHANGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETOUZIEDA,BIAODUANHUAFENDUO,GONGQIJIN、RENWUZHONG,ZAITONGYIZUOYEQUYUPINGMIAN、LITIJIAOCHASHIGONGDEZHUANYEDUIWUDUO、GECANJIANDANWEIDUISHIGONGANQUANDEZHONGSHICHENGDUBUTONG,JIAZHIXIANCHANGGONGXUFUZA,XINSHEBEI、XINGONGYI、XINJISHUYUNYONGDEBUQUEDINGXING,QIANQUANYINHUANBUYIPAICHU,YIDANCHUXIANXIEDIAOGUANLIBUDANG,JIYIZAOCHENGANQUANWEIXIAN。

                            网络捕鱼游戏2.4 BUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEWEIXIANCHENGDUGAO,ANQUANGUANLIYALIDA。ZAIFEIXINGQUNEIJINXINGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEGAIKUOJIANRENWUSHI,SHEJIBUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEANQUANYINSUJIAODUO,YEJIANZUOYEDETIAOJIANCHA、XIAOLVDI、SHIJIANDUAN,ANQUANFENGXIANXISHUGAO,GUANLIYALIJIAODA,JIYAOYUFANGSHIGONGDUIFEIXINGQIZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANDEYINGXIANGWENTI(KONGFANGANQUAN),YOUYAOZUOHAOSHIGONGZISHENDEANQUANBAOZHANG(SHIGONGANQUAN)GONGZUO。

                            3 民航专业工程的安全管理现状

                            网络捕鱼游戏2001NIANMINHANGZONGJUYUJIANSHEBUDE《FENGONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2001]229HAO)DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEZHAOTOUBIAOHEZHILIANGJIANDUGONGZUOZHIZEJINXINGLEFENGONGMINGQUE,DUIANQUANGUANLIZHIZEWEIYUTIJI,ZAOCHENGMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANJIANDUJIBENCHUYUWUXUGUANLIZHUANGTAI,2011NIANZHUJIANBUHEMINHANGJUFABUDE《BUCHONGFENGONGTONGZHI》(MINHANGFA[2011]34HAO)MINGQUEMINHANGJUFUZEMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANJIANDUGUANLIGONGZUO,BINGYU2012NIANZHENGSHIJIANGSHIGONGANQUANDEXIANCHANGJIANCHA、SHIGUDIAOCHACHULI、XINXITONGJIFENXI、XINJISHUTUIGUANGDENGANQUANGUANLIDEZHIDAOJIANDUZHIZEJIAOYOUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANDUGUANLIZONGZHANZUZHISHISHI。

                            3.1民航专业工程建设安全管理工作体系

                            网络捕鱼游戏MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJIANSHEDEANQUANGUANLIZHUYAOSHEJIKONGFANGANQUAN、XIAOFANGANQUAN、ZHIANANQUANHESHIGONGANQUANSIDAANQUANGONGZUOTIXI,TAMENZHIJIANSHIXIANGHUYICUN、HUYOUYINGXIANGDEGUANXI。QIZHONGSHIGONGANQUANDEGUANLIMUBIAOSHI:BUFASHENGYINSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIZERENZAOCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANZHONGDA(HAN)YISHANGSHANGWANGSHIGU,BUFASHENGYINSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIZERENZAOCHENGDEHANGKONGDIMIANSHIGUHUOSHIGUZHENGHOU。ZHONGDIANZAIYUBAKONGFEIXINGQUBUTINGHANGSHIGONGDEGUANLIJIWEIDAGONGCHENGHUOCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEZHUANXIANGANQUANGUANLI。

                            表1  民航专业工程安全管理四大体系

                            序号 分类 安全管理工作重点 备注
                            1 空防安全 严格背景调查、严格证件办理、严管飞控现场、筑牢空防安全“防御线”。 以预防为主,做到防微杜渐。
                            2 消防安全 构建消防安全标准化管理体系,落实施工单位的消防安全主体责任,筑牢消防安全“防火线”。
                            3 治安管理 细化“网格化”巡防体系和完善“群防群治”队伍,健全矛盾纠纷排查及群体性事件快速反应等机制,筑牢治安安全“管控网”。
                            4 施工安全 全面落实安全技术交底、三级教育培训、常态化开展隐患排查和风险防控,筑牢安全生产“底线”。 重点把控不停航施工和危大工程的施工安全。

                            3.2民航专业危大工程施工安全管理现状

                            据相关部门不完全统计,在房屋建筑和市政基础设施工程建设领域发生死亡3人以上的较大安全事故中,高处坠落、物体打击、坍塌沉陷、机械伤害、车辆伤害和触电等六类事故类型在建设施工安全事故中的占比高达90%以上[4]网络捕鱼游戏,尤其涉及基坑坍塌、模板及支撑体系、脚手架、起重吊装及安装拆卸等民航专业危大工程范围内的比例较大,说明对危大工程的安全管理存在一定的问题和差距。

                            (1)BUFENXIANGMUCANJIANGEFANGZHUTIZERENLUOSHIBUDAOWEI。BUFENJIANSHEDANWEIANQUANGUANLIZHONGSHIBUDAOWEI,ANQUANWENMINGFEIBOFUBUJISHI,WEIANGUIDINGBANLIXIANGMUJIANSHEXIANGGUANBEIANSHOUXU,WEICANYUDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGQUANGUOCHENGGUANLI。BUFENSHIGONGDANWEIXIANGMUANQUANGUANLITIXIBUJIANQUAN,ANQUANZILIAOZHENSHIXINGBUQIANG,WEIYANGEZHIXINGANQUANYINHUAN“RIZHOUYUE”PAICHAZHILIZHIDU,JIAOSHOUJIAJIMOBANZHICHENGTIXIDASHEBUGUIFAN,TEZHONGSHEBEIWEIBAOBUDAOWEI。BUFENJIANLIDANWEIDUISHIGONGXIANCHANGANQUANYINHUANDUCUZHENGGAIBULI,JIANLIXIZEQUEFAZHENDUIXING,JIANLIRIZHIYAOSUBUQIQUAN。

                            (2)SHIGONGXIANCHANG“WEIDAGONGCHENG”ANQUANGUANKONGBUDAOWEI。BUFENCANJIANGEFANGZERENZHUTIWEIYANGEGUANCHEZHIXINGZHUJIANBULINGDI37HAO,WEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGFANGANSHENPICHENGXUBUWANSHAN,NEIRONGQUEFAZHENDUIXING,WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGQIANWEIJINXINGFANGANHUOJISHUJIAODI,JIANLIPANGZHANDEGUIDINGXINGTONGXUSHE。

                            (3)XIANGMUGUANJIANGANGWEIRENYUANJITEZHONGZUOYERENYUANDAOGANGLVZHIBUDAOWEI。WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGQIJIANBUFENXIANGMUJINGLI、ZONGJIAN、ZHUANZHIANQUANYUANBUZAICHANG,LVZHIJILUBUQUAN,JIANCHAJILUDAIQIAN,GEBIETEZHONGZUOYERENYUANYUBEIANDENGJIRENYUANBUXIANGFU。

                            (4)XINGYEJIANGUANBUMENDEJIANGUANLIDUJIAORUO。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIGUANLIRENSHOUSHAO、QUEFAJISHUGUIFANBAOZHANG,YINERZAOCHENGDUISHIGONGXIANCHANGCHAOGUIMOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHIDAOBUDAOWEI,DUIFAXIANDEANQUANYINHUANCHUFALIDUBUGOU,DAOZHIQIYEWEIFACHENGBENJIAODI。

                            4民航专业工程的危大工程范围及安全要求

                            JINNIANLAI,MINHANGJICHANGSHULIANGCHIXUZENGZHANG,JICHANGGUIMODEBUDUANKUODA,JICHANGJIANSHEYUGUANLILINIANDEZHUANBIAN,DUIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEJIANSHESHUIPINGTICHULEYUELAIYUEGAODEYAOQIU,SHIGONGZHONGSHENJIKENG、GAOTIANFANG、GAOBIANPO、GAODANGQIANG、XIACHUANHANSUI、HUAXINGDAOQIAOLIANGDENGWEIDAGONGCHENGDEBILIZAISHANGSHENG,XIANGYINGDESHIGONGANQUANFENGXIANZAIZENGJIA。WEILEXIAOCHUKENENGDEANQUANYINHUAN,JIANGDIANQUANFENGXIAN,ZAIXIANGMUKAIGONGQIANXUDUIGONGCHENGSHIGONGKENENGCHUXIANDEFENGXIANHEYINHUANJINXINGPINGGU,BINGTICHUQIESHIKEXINGDEANQUANZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN。

                            4.1 危大工程的安全管理基本制度

                            WEIDAGONGCHENGSHIJIANSHEXIANGMUSHIGONGANQUANGUANLIDEZHONGDIANNEIRONG,ZUOWEIYIXIANGANQUANJIANGUANZHIDUSHIYU2004NIANJIANSHEBUFABUDE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODAGONGCHENGANQUANZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANBIANZHIJIZHUANJIALUNZHENGSHENCHABANFA》(JIANZHI[2004]213HAO)HE2009NIANZHUJIANBUYINFADE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIBANFA》(JIANZHI[2009]87HAO),YOUXIAODECUJINLEANQUANGUANLIHEJISHUSHUIPINGDETISHENG,DUIEZHIWEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANSHIGUQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

                            网络捕鱼游戏2018NIAN3YUE8RIZHUJIANBUFABULEXINDE《WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIGUIDING》(ZHUJIANBU37HAOLING,YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIDING》),JINYIBUJIEJUELEWEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLITIXIBUJIANQUAN、ANQUANGUANLIZERENBULUOSHI、FALVZERENHECHUFACUOSHIBUWANSHANDENGWENTI,BINGMINGQUESHIYONGYUFANGWUJIANZHUXINGYESHIZHENGJICHUSHESHIGONGCHENG。DANQIYIJULAIYUANSHI《JIANSHEGONGCHENGANQUANSHENGCHANTIAOLI》(GUOWUYUAN393HAOLING),QIZHONGDIERSHILIUTIAOGUIDINGDADAOYIDINGGUIMODEWEIDAGONGCHENGJIJIKENGZHIHUYUJIANGSHUIGONGCHENG、TUSHIFANGKAIWAGONGCHENG、MOBANGONGCHENG、QIZHONGDIAOZHUANGGONGCHENG、JIAOSHOUJIAGONGCHENG、CHAICHUBAOPOGONGCHENG、QITAWEIXIANXINGJIAODADEGONGCHENGXUYAOJINXINGFANGANGUANLI,FANWEIBIAOZHUNYOUGUOWUYUANJIANSHEXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMENHUITONGYOUGUANBUMENZHIDINGJIANSHEGONGCHENGXINGZHENGFAGUIZUOCHUGUIDINGYAOQIU。TONGNIAN5YUE17RIZHUJIANBUBANGONGTINGYOUXIAFALE《GUANYUSHISHI<WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLIGUIDING>YOUGUANWENTIDETONGZHI》(JIANBANZHI[2018]31HAOWEN,YIXIAJIANCHENG《TONGZHI》),DUIWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEI、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANXIUGAI、JIANCEFANGAN、YANSHOURENYUAN、ZHUANJIATIAOJIAN、ZHUANJIAKUGUANLIDENGNEIRONGZUOLEXIANGYINGGUIDING。YOUCIKEZHI,CHUFANGWUHESHIZHENGWAIDEZHURUJIAOTONGYUNSHU、SHUILISHUIDIAN、MINHANGDENGQITA10LEIZHUANYEXINGYEDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIKECANZHAOZHUJIANBU37HAOLING《GUIDING》HE31HAOWEN《TONGZHI》ZUZHISHISHI。

                            表2 民航专业危大工程范围的划分标准

                            序号 分部分项 危大工程判定条件 超危大工程判定条件
                            1 地基处理工程 网络捕鱼游戏1.回填边坡高度H≥8m

                            2.HUAPOCHULI

                            3.挡土墙基础

                            1.回填边坡高度H≥12m

                            2.ZHONGXINGJIYISHANGHUAPOTICHULI

                            3.挡土墙基础高度H≥6m且面积S≥1200m2

                            2 基坑工程 1.基坑(槽)深度H≥3m降水、支护、土方开挖

                            2.基坑(槽)深度H<3m但地质条件、周边环境和地下管线复杂或影响比邻建(构)筑物安全的土方开挖、支护及降水

                            基坑(槽)深度H≥5m降水、支护、土方开挖
                            3 混凝土模板及支撑体系 1.工具式模板:滑模、爬模、飞模、隧道模等

                            网络捕鱼游戏2.HUNYITUMOBANJIZHICHENGGONGCHENG:

                            (1)DASHEGAODUH≥5m

                            网络捕鱼游戏(2)DASHEKUADUL≥10m

                            (3)施工总荷载(设计值)Q≥10kN/m2

                            网络捕鱼游戏(4)JIZHONGXIANHEZAI(SHEJIZHI)q≥15kN/m

                            (5)GAODUDAYUZHICHENGSHUIPINGTOUYINGKUANDUQIEXIANGDUIDULIWULIANXIGOUJIA

                            3.承重支撑体系:用于钢结构安装等满堂支撑体系

                            网络捕鱼游戏1.工具式模板:滑模、爬模、飞模、隧道模等

                            2.HUNYITUMOBANJIZHICHENGGONGCHENG:

                            (1)DASHEGAODUH≥8m

                            网络捕鱼游戏(2)DASHEKUADUL≥18m

                            (3)施工总荷载(设计值)Q≥15kN/m2

                            网络捕鱼游戏(4)JIZHONGXIANHEZAI(SHEJIZHI)q≥20kN/m

                            3.承重支撑体系:用于钢结构安装等满堂支撑体系,承受单点集中荷载≥7KN

                            4 起重吊装及安装拆卸工程 网络捕鱼游戏1.采用起重机械进行安装的工程

                            网络捕鱼游戏2.QIZHONGJIXIEANZHUANG、CHAIXIE

                            3.采用非常规起重设备、方法且吊装单件起重量G≥10KN

                            1.非常规吊装,单件起重量G≥100KN

                            2.起重量G≥300kN起重设备安装和搭设总高度H或基础标高≥200m爬模起重设备安拆卸工程

                            5 脚手架

                            工程

                            1.落地式钢管脚手架H≥24m

                            2.XUANTIAOSHIJIAOSHOUJIAH<20m

                            网络捕鱼游戏3.DIAOLANJIXIN、YIXINGJIAOSHOUJIA

                            网络捕鱼游戏4.ZIZHIXIELIAOPINGTAI、YIDONGCAOZUOPINGTAI

                            5.附着式整体和分片升降脚手架

                            1.落地式钢管脚手架H≥50m

                            2.FENDUANJIATIH≥20mXUANTIAOSHIJIAOSHOUJIA

                            网络捕鱼游戏3.FUZHESHIZHENGTIHEFENPIANTISHENGH≥150m

                            4.作业面异形、复杂或无法按产品说明书要求安装的高处作业吊篮工程

                            6 其他工程 1.人工挖扩孔桩工程

                            网络捕鱼游戏2.FEIXINGGELIQUNEIDEBUTINGHANGSHIGONG

                            3.JIANZHUMUQIANGANZHUANGGONGCHENG

                            4.JIANZHUWU、GOUZHUWUCHAICHUGONGCHENG

                            网络捕鱼游戏5.SHOUXIANKONGJIAN<3RENDEGUANXIANLIANLANG、PAISHUIXIANGHAN

                            6.DIXIAANWA、DINGGUANHUOGUANMUSHIGONG、SHUIXIAZUOYEGONGCHENG

                            7.采用新技术、新工艺、新材料、新设备可能影响施工安全,尚无相关技术标准的危大工程。

                            网络捕鱼游戏1.人工挖扩孔桩深度H≥16m

                            2.FEIXINGGELIQUNEIDEBUTINGHANGSHIGONG

                            3.JIANZHUMUQIANGSHIGONGGAODUH≥50m

                            4.CAIYONGBAOPOCHAICHUDEGONGCHENG

                            5.SHOUXIANKONGJIAN≥3RENDEDIXIALIANLANG、PAISHUIXIANGHAN

                            6.DIXIAANWA、DINGGUANHUOGUANMUSHIGONG、SHUIXIAZUOYEGONGCHENG

                            7.采用新技术、新工艺、新材料、新设备可能影响施工安全,尚无相关技术标准的危大工程。

                            备注:网络捕鱼游戏非常规设备、方法包括:采用自制起重设备、设施进行起重作业;2台及以上起重设备联合作业;流动式起重机带载行走;采用滑排、滑轨、滚杠、地牛等措施进行水平位移;采用绞磨、卷扬机、葫芦或液压千斤顶等方式进行提升;人力起重工程。

                            4.2民航专业危大工程的划分标准

                            MINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEIDESHELIYUANZE:ZAIZHUJIANBUDI37HAOLINGHEZHUJIANBUBANGONGTING31HAOWENDEJICHUSHANG,YIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGJIANSHEXIANGMUNEIRONGWEIDUIXIANG,JIEHESHISHIDEJICHANGJIANSHEGUIFANXINGWENJIAN、BIAOZHUN、GUIFAN,BAOZHENGQIKEXINGXING、YOUXIAOXING、KEXUEXING。

                            CONGZHUJIANBU31HAOWEN《TONGZHI》FUBIAOJIEDINGDEFANWEILAIKAN,WEIDAGONGCHENGZHUYAOYOUJIKENGGONGCHENG、MOBANGONGCHENGJIZHICHENGTIXI、QIZHONGDIAOZHUANGJIQIZHONGJIXIEANZHUANGCHAIXIEGONGCHENG、JIAOSHOUJIAGONGCHENG、CHAICHUGONGCHENG、ANWAGONGCHENG、QITAGONGCHENGDENG7GEFANGMIANDENEIRONG,MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGHAIYINGBAOKUOBUTINGHANGSHIGONG、QIANGHANGHUITIAN、JIAOCHAZUOYE、SHOUXIANKONGJIANDENGQITAFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENG。DUIYUXIANGTONGBUFENDEANQUANJIANCHAJIANDU,KECAIQU“JIEYONG”ZHUJIANBU37HAOLINGHE31HAOWENJINXINGGUANLI,BUTONGBUFENZEXUANXIANGYINGDEANQUANJISHUGUIFAN,JIANLIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEGUANLIGUIDING,CONGERDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEJUTIFANWEIJINXINGJIEDING。TONGSHIJIANYIJIEHEQUANGUOGEDIJICHANGCHANGQUYANTUDIZHITIAOJIAN,ZHOUBIANHUANJINGFUZAQINGKUANG,DUIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGCAIYONGFENJIGUANLI,ANZHAOFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGWEIHAICHENGDUBUTONGKEHUAFENWEIYIBANGONGCHENG、WEIDAGONGCHENGHECHAOWEIDAGONGCHENG(JIANFUBIAO2),YIBANXINGGONGCHENGHEWEIDAGONGCHENGYOUSHIGONGDANWEIBIANZHIANQUANZHUANXIANGFANGAN,BAOJIANLISHENPIHOUJIKEZUZHISHISHI,CHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGBIXUJINGGUOZHUANJIALUNZHENGPINGSHEN,YEZHUHEJIANLIGONGTONGJIANDUSHISHI。

                            4.3民航专业危大工程安全专项方案编制及专家评审

                            网络捕鱼游戏WEIDAGONGCHENGANQUANJISHUCUOSHIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANDEBIANZHIHESHENCHA。SHIGONGDANWEIBIANZHIHAOSHIGONGANQUANZHUANXIANGFANGANHOU,XUBAOJIANLISHENCHA,ZAIANFENJIANQUANBIAOZHUNYOUZONGJIANPIZHUNSHISHI,DUIYUCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGDANWEIHAIYINGYAOQINGANQUANZHUANJIAJINXINGFANGANLUNZHENG,FANGANTONGGUOHUOXIUGAITONGGUOHOUJIKEJINXINGSHIGONG。

                            ANQUANSHIGONGZHUANXIANGFANGANBIANZHIDEYUANZEWEI:ANQUANDIYI,YUFANGWEIZHU。BIANZHIQIANXUYAODUIGONGCHENGXIANGMUJINXINGWEIXIANYUANSHIBIEHEFENGXIANPINGGU,BINGGENJUMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETEDIAN、SHIGONGXIANCHANGHUANJING、SHIGONGFANGFA、LAODONGZUZHI、ZUOYESHOUDUAN,SHIYONGDEJIXIESHEBEIDENGQUEDINGANQUANFENGXIANDENGJIHECAIQUDEANQUANJISHUCUOSHI。ZHUANXIANGFANGANYINGFUHEKANCHA、SHEJIDANWEIDUISHIGONGDEYAOQIU,ZUOYECENGHEFUZHEYUJIEGOUDESHIGONGHEZAIBUDECHAOZAI,FANGANBIANZHISHENDUYINGMANZUSHIGONGYAOQIUBINGJINLIANGCAIYONGTUSHUOFANGSHIBIAODA,ZHISHAOYINGBAOKUOYIXIANEIRONG:GONGCHENGGAIKUANG,BIANZHIYIJU,SHIGONGJIHUA,SHIGONGGONGYIJISHU,SHIGONGANQUANBAOZHENGCUOSHI,SHIGONGGUANLIJIZUOYERENYUANPEIBEIHEFENGONG,YANSHOUYAOQIU,YINGJICHUZHICUOSHI,JISUANSHUJIXIANGGUANSHIGONGTUZHIDENG。

                            网络捕鱼游戏CHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGANQUANFANGANLUNZHENGHUIYOUSHIGONGDANWEIHUOZONGCHENGBAODANWEIZUZHI。JUTILIUCHENGWEI:CHOUQUZHUANJIA→FANGANYUSHEN→LUNZHENGHUIBINGXINGCHENGLUNZHENGBAOGAO→XUANDUBINGTIJIAOBAOGAO。

                            ZHUANJIALUNZHENGDEZHUYAONEIRONG:ZHUANXIANGFANGANBIANZHIYIJUSHIFOUQIQUAN、QIANZHANGYOUXIAO;ZHUANXIANGFANGANNEIRONGSHIFOUWANZHENG、KEXING;ZHUANXIANGFANGANJISUANSHUHEYANSUANYIJUSHIFOUFUHEYOUGUANBIAOZHUNGUIFAN;ANQUANSHIGONGDEJIBENTIAOJIANSHIFOUMANZUXIANCHANGSHIJIQINGKUANG,JUYOUZHENDUIXINGHEKECAOZUOXING,FANGANXIANGGUANTUZHI、SHUOMINGDENGSHIFOUMANZUSHIGONGJIYANSHOUYAOQIU,BINGNENGGOUQUEBAOSHIGONGANQUAN;YINGJIYUANSHIFOUKEKAO。ZHUANJIALUNZHENGQIANZHUANXIANGFANGANYINGDANGTONGGUOSHIGONGDANWEISHENHEHEXIANGMUZONGJIANSHENCHA,ZHUANXIANGFANGANJINGLUNZHENGHOU,ZHUANJIAZUYINGTIJIAOLUNZHENGBAOGAO,DUILUNZHENGDENEIRONGTICHUMINGQUEDEYIJIAN,JIELUNWEITONGGUO、XIUGAIHOUTONGGUOHUOBUTONGGUO。DUILUNZHENGBAOGAOJIELUNWEITONGGUODE,SHIGONGDANWEIKECANKAOZHUANJIAYIJIANZIXINGXIUGAIWANSHAN,DUIXUZUOZHONGDAXIUGAIBUTONGGUODE,SHIGONGDANWEIYINGANZHAOLUNZHENGBAOGAOXIUGAIBINGZHONGXINZUZHIZHUANJIALUNZHENG,DUIXUYAOBUCHONGZILIAOHOUTONGGUODE,XIANGMUBUYINGYIJUZHUANJIASHENCHAYIJIANJINXINGXIUGAI,ZAIZHONGXINLVXINGSHENHE、SHENCHA、QIANZI、GAIZHANGSHOUXU。

                            5 加强民航专业危大工程施工专项安全管理的几点建议

                            网络捕鱼游戏WEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIGONGZUOSHIYUXIANGMUKAIGONGQIAN,ZHONGYUWEIDAGONGCHENGDESHIGONGJIESHU。JIANSHE、KANCHA、SHEJI、SHIGONG、DISANFANGJIANCE、JIANDUJIGOU、PINGSHENZHUANJIAJUNWEIWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLIZERENZHUTI,ZERENFENPEIBUTONG,DANZERENZHIJIANDEYINGXIANGSHIXIANGHUZHIYUEDE,CONGERCUJINGEFANGLVXINGXIANGYINGDEANQUANGUANLIZHIZE,SHIXIANCHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGDEANQUANSHIGONG。

                             5.1尽快出台行业安全技术标准,推动危大工程管控规范化

                            ZAIFANGWUJIANZHUHESHIZHENGJICHUGONGCHENGWEIDAGONGCHENGGUANLILILUNHESHIJIANDEJINGYANSHANG,JIEHEMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEJISHUFAZHANBIANHUAQINGKUANG,JINKUAIZUZHIRENYUANBIANZHI《MINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGANQUANSHIGONGJISHUGUIFAN》,TONGSHICHUTAIQIESHIKEXING、KEXINGYOUXIAODE《MINHANGZHUANYEWEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGANQUANGUANLISHISHIXIZE》,JINYIBUMINGQUEMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEGUANLIFANWEI、BIAOZHUN、FALVZERENHECHUFACUOSHI。ZHONGDIANTUIJINMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANBIANZHIJISHUGUIDINGHESHENCHAYAODIANDEBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO。

                            5.2 整合全行业资源,建立安全专家库

                            网络捕鱼游戏JIANLIXINGYEGONGCHENGSHIGONGANQUANZHUANJIAKU,YINGMIANXIANGQUANMINHANGYEDEZHUANYEJISHURENYUANZHENGJIZHUANYEZHISHIZHASHI、SHIJIANFENGFUJINGYAN、ZERENXINQIANG、MANZUZIGENIANXIANTIAOJIANYAOQIUDEYANTUGONGCHENG、MOJIAGONGCHENG、DIAOZHUANGHECHAIXIEGONGCHENG、BAOPOJICHAICHUGONGCHENG、ANWAGONGCHENG、JIEGOUGONGCHENG、JICHANGGONGCHENGDENGXIANGGUANZHUANYEFANGMIANWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANJIAZUCHENGZHUANJIAKU,TONGSHIZHIDINGMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGZHUANJIAKUGUANLIBANFAHEZHUANJIAKAOPING、CHENGXINDANGANGUANLICUOSHI,MINGQUEPINGSHENZHUANJIADEQUANLI、ZERENYIWUHEGONGZUOFANWEI,MINGQUEZHUANJIACHU、RUKUCHENGXU,ZHUANJIALUNZHENGGUIZE,DINGQIGONGBUZHUANJIAKAOHEQINGKUANG。

                            5.3强化现场安全管理措施,将不停航施工纳入超危大工程范围

                            BUTINGHANGSHIGONGGUANLISHIMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDEANQUANGUANLITESE,JUYOUSHIGONGXIAOLVDI、SHIGONGSHIJIANDUAN、XIEDIAOGONGZUOLIANGDA、TINGHANGHOUSHIGONG、GONGQIJIN、ZHUANYEDUO、SHIGONGDUICHANGXIAXIAO、SHIGONGXIANZHITIAOJIANDUODENGTEDIAN,CAIQUFANGANSHENPIZHIJINXINGGUANLI,JIANYIYIBINGNARUWEIDAGONGCHENGFANWEIGUANLI,TONGSHIDUIMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGDEJUTIFANWEIJINXINGXIHUA,BINGFUYIDUIYINGDEJISHUBIAOZHUNZUOWEIZHICHENG。RUSHANQUJICHANGKAIWAHUOTIANZHUXINGCHENGGAOBIANPODEWENTI,YIBANYI“GAODUHUOSHENDU”JIAYIGUANKONG,DUICHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGLAISHUOKONGZHIZHIBIAODANYI,YINGKAOLVJIANGDIZHIZAIXIANXINGPINGGUJIEGUOZUOWEIHUAFENBIAOZHUN。

                            5.4建立智慧管理平台,对危大工程安全实行动态管理

                            网络捕鱼游戏CHONGFENLIYONGWANGLUOJISHUJIANLIQIZHIHUIXINGDEMINHANGZHUANYEWEIDAGONGCHENGGUANLIPINGTAI,SHISHIGONGXIANGMUDEZERENZHUTIDANWEI、PINGSHENZHUANJIAHEXINGYEJIANDUJIGOUTONGGUOPINGTAISHIXIANGUANLIMUBIAO:YISHIBIANYUSHIGONGQIYEZAIBIANZHIFANGANJIEDUANHUODEJISHUZHICHI,BIANYUJISHISHENQINGZHUANJIALUNZHENG;ERSHIFANGBIANPINGSHENZHUANJIADUIFANGANLUNZHENGJIEGUOJIHOUXUSHISHIQINGKUANGJINXINGGENZONG;SANSHIBIANYUXINGYEZHUGUANBUMENHEJIANDUJIGOUSUISHIZHANGWOGEDIWEIDAGONGCHENGSHULIANG、ZHUANXIANGFANGANDELUNZHENGQINGKUANG,YIJIFANGANSHISHIJINDU、YINHUANPAICHAZHILIHEZHUANXIANGFANGANYANSHOUDENG,CONGERTIGAOJIANGUANGONGZUODEZHENDUIXINGHEGUANLIXIAOLV。

                            5.5 完善应急救援方案,提高应急处理能力

                            YINGJIJIUYUANYUANZHIDESHIZHENDUIKENENGFASHENGDESHIGU、WEIXUNSU、YOUXUDIKAIZHANYINGJIXINGDONGERYUXIANZHIDINGDEXINGDONGFANGAN,SHIXIAOCHU、JIANSHAOSHIGUWEIHAI,FANGZHISHIGUKUODAHUOEHUA,ZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANGDISHIGUZAOCHENGDESUNSHIHUOWEIHAIERCAIQUDEJIUYUANCUOSHIHUOXINGDONG。WEIDAGONGCHENGXIANGMUSHIGONGQIAN,YINGBIANZHISHIGUYINGJICHULIFANGAN,BINGJIEHEJUTISHIGONGXIANCHANGQINGKUANGKAIZHANYINGJIJIUYUANYANLIAN,CONGERTIGAOGUANLIRENYUANHEZUOYERENYUANDESHIGUCHULINENGLI,ZUODAOLINWEIBULUAN,JIANSHAORENSHENANQUANHECAICHANSUNSHI。

                            5.6加大实施过程的监管,建立安全专项验收制度

                            WEIDAGONGCHENGDESHISHIBIXUZUODAOSHIGONGQIANYOUANQUANJISHUJIAODI,SHIGONGQUANGUOCHENGYOUJIANLIPANGZHAN,SHIGONGWANBIYOUYANSHOUHUOZONGJIEDEJIZHI。DUIYUDAXINGFUZADECHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHUANXIANGANQUANDEYANSHOUKEFENJIEDUANJINXING,YINBIJIEDUANWEIDAGONGCHENGDEYANSHOUSHIZHONGDIAN,YOUSHIGONGXIANGMUBUZUZHIDUIZHAOZHUANXIANGFANGANHEBIAOZHUN、GUIFAN、CAOZUOGUICHENGDEYAOQIUJINXINGYANSHOU,JIANLIXIANCHANGFUCHAHEGEHOUFANGKEJINRUXIAYIDAOGONGXU,SUOYOUYANSHOUJIANCHAQINGKUANGYINGJILUCUNDANG,BINGDINGQIGAOZHIJIANSHEDANWEIHUOANQUANXINGZHENGJIANDUJIGOUBEIANJIANCHA。

                            6 结束语

                            ANQUANSHIMINHANGGONGZUODEYONGHENGZHUTI。SHIGONGANQUANGUANLISHIZHONGGUANCHUANYUGONGCHENGXIANGMUJIANSHEDEQUANGUOCHENG,YINCIJIANLIANQUANZHUANXIANGGUANLIJIZHISHIGONGCHENGSHIGONGSHUNLISHISHIDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG,TONGSHIZAIANQUANJIANGUANGONGZUOZHONG,BIXUBAWOMINHANGZHUANYEGONGCHENGDETEDIAN,ZHENDUIWEIDAGONGCHENGKENENGCHUXIANDEWENTISHIXIANJINXINGYUGUHEFANGFAN,CAIQUYOUXIAODEFANGZHICUOSHIJISHIXIAOCHUCUNZAIDEANQUANYINHUAN,BIMIANHUOJIANSHAOWEIDAGONGCHENGSHIGUDEFASHENG。

                             

                            参考文献

                            • 中人民共和国住房和城乡建设部.建设部第37号令 危险性较大的分部分项工程安全管理规定[S].2018.3.8
                            • 中人民共和国住房和城乡建设部办公厅.建办质[2018]31号 关于实施《危险性较大的分部分项工程安全管理规定》有关问题的通知[S].2018.5.17
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